I。I. Grammar and Vocabula。ry
( A )
A Nigh。t Out
Michelle walked out the theater hu。mming a tune. She’d just seen a。 wonderful musical at the beautiful Paramount Theater. 1______________ she closed her eyes, she could still see the beaut。iful costumes and stage sets. It was now after 11 p.m., and she really didn’t like being out late by 2______________. Sin。ce on one else had wanted to go to the。 show, she 3_____________ ______________ go alone. She headed down the dark Seattle Stre。et toward h。er car. No。 car.。 The parking spa。ce was empty. “That’s odd,” she thought. “Am I on the wrong street?。” She checked the street。 signs. No, s。he was on Pin。e。 Street. And she was sure that this was 4_______________ she’d left her car. But her car was nowhere to be seen. She began to feel nervous. Someone ha。d stolen her car! What was she goin。g to do?
Should she call t。he police or ca。ll someone to give he。r a。 ride? She decided to call someone. She took out her cellphone only 5___________。____(find) that her batter。y was dead! Now w。hat? Maybe she could tak。e a cab. She only had $1 in cash 6_。_。___________ she checked every corner of her wallet. And to her horror, her credit card was missing! Then she。 reme。mbered. She’d ordered something on the internet and left the card by her computer. She headed back toward the theater and the lights on Pike Street. Then she s。aw something familia。r. Her car! She realized she 7_____________(park) on Pike Street n。ot Pine Street! Once again, 8______________(sing) a s。ong from the show, she。 got into her car and heade。d home.
1. When/If 2. herself 3. had to 4. where 5. to find 6. although
7. had parked 8. singing
( B )
Most religions have some kind of holy text on which the religious beliefs are based. For Christians t。his text is the Holy Bi。ble; for Jews it is th。e To。rah and for Muslims it is the Koran.
M。uslims b。elieve that the Koran 1_____________(consis。t。) of revelation from God to Muhammad during the years 610 to 632 when Muhammad died. These revelations were writt。e。n down by those 2_____________ were close to him during this time and for several years after his death. T。hey were gathered into the text 3_____________(know) as the Koran during the years 630 to 650.
The interpretation of the Koran has always b。een a difficult task, even for Islamic scholars. For example, the mean。ings of some words are determined by。 dots a。bo。ve the vowels. In ancient Arabic, howeve。r, very often these dots 4____________(omit). As a result some letters looked identical. Thus, the。 meanings of these words depended in many cases 5_____。________ the memories of the men who had written the。m. Early Muslims had to try to get the exact meanings。 of the words 6______________ these people died and it was too late.
Unlike the Bible, in。 which th。e events are provi。ded in time。 order, there is no reference to 7_____________ things oc。curred。 in the Koran. In any case, unlike the Bible, most the suras --secti。ons。 -- are composed of orders and warnings. Unlike in th。e Bible, there are very few stories i。n the Koran.
Muslims believe that by 8____________(re。cite) the book, they create a holy at。mosphere,。 and the。re are many Muslims who have learned the Koran by heart.
1. consi。sts 2. who 3. know。n 4. were omitted 5. on 6. after
7. w。he。n 8. reciting
When。 young people begin to live independently, home-hunting can involve som。e stress. But they would do well to remember that a new __1__。 is available -- micro-homes.
Fond。ly。 called “tiny houses”, these houses have all l。iving necessities in a small pa。ckage, including kitchen, bedroom and bathroom.。 Generally under 50 squ。are meters, most tiny houses __2__ just one or two。 people though some claim the space for more. What’s lost in size i。s not lost in desi。gn as these hom。es are often quite unique and modern in design.
Besides an attractiv。e appearance, tiny house。s can also __3__ unique practical features. Making the best urban space, the 72- t。o 122- centimeter-wide Ker。et House in War。saw, the world’s narrowest home, f。illed in an alley. The sample ho。me Ecocapsule uses solar power, wind power and rainwater collection to enable its owner to live practical。ly。 anywhere. A system of rails allows。 the DALE micro-home to __4__ room size and number as well。 as adding the option of an。 open or __5__ courtyard.
As v。isually __6__ as micro-homes are, there are a few disadva。ntages to co。nsider before getting comfortable on a mini-couch. Moving。 into a tiny house requires the __7__ of most non-essentials, no matter the emotional connection to them. Guests。 will also mostly b。e out o。f the question as the limited space may even cause a(n) __8__ individual to experience some cabin fever. And finally, a micro-home i。s likely a temporary living option for most people since they will probably start f。amilies and acquire mor。e __9__.
Though the limitation will scare some, the。re is usually a benefit. A s。mall size results in a s。mall price tag and s。mall bills, making tiny houses easier to save up for and __10__. And though you won’t have。 much stuff around the house, this can provide the com。fort of simple living and maintenance. Micro-homes are also practically mo。bile and claim。 eco-friendliness t。hat can’t be matched by other ho。mes. They pro。bably aren’。t for everyone or forever, but when it comes to your next (or first) home, they could be just what you need.
B A C I F J E K H。 D
III. Reading Comprehension
At 1:30 p.m. on March 31, 1981, John Hinckley Jr. steppe。d from a crowd of onlookers and tried to kill Rona。ld Reaga。n。, the president of th。e United States. Although he failed, he did cause injury to the president. The crime was committed in clear view of many people, __1__, at the end of his trial, Hinckley was found not __2__ by reason of insanity. Instead of prison, Hinckley was。 sen。t to a mental hospital, where he r